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leaching of sulphide gold ores

A Method for Leaching or Dissolving Gold from Ores or ...

The hydrometallurgical leaching of native gold from gold-bearing ores or the dissolution of gold metal during the recycling of electronic and precious metal scrap is performed every day using hazardous chemicals such as sodium cyanide or aqua regia. These chemicals represent health and safety risks for workers and a serious threat for the

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Leaching Kinetics of Antimony from Refractory Gold Ore in ...

The leaching kinetics of antimony from refractory gold ore in alkaline sodium sulfide was investigated under ultrasound. The influence of factors such as stirring speed, temperature, the concentration of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide and particle size, was studied. The leaching kinetics has also been studied under convention and ultrasound.

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The leaching and adsorption behaviour of gold ores

4.4 the effect of copper cyanide on gold leaching from oxide and sulphide ores 110 4.5 summary 114 chapters preg-robbing phenomena in the cyanidation of gold ores 116 5.1 objectives of this chapter 116 5.2 background information 116 5.3 preg-robbing behaviour by the ores at low cyanide concentrations 118

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Establishing thE ProcEss MinEralogy of gold orEs

gold ores can be classified into 11 types (Table 1). Some metallurgical implications to these gold ore types are summarised below: Placers, quartz vein gold ores and oxidized ores: Generally, placers, quartz vein gold ores and oxidized ores are free-milling and gold can be recovered by gravity and/or direct cyanide leaching.

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(PDF) THE ART OF HEAP LEACHING | Lee JOHN - Academia.edu

The Magic Bullet for Gold Heap Leach! Similarly in the 1970s the IX process for the recovery of gold using activated carbon was becoming commercialised. Carbon In Solution (CIS) IX gold recovery systems allowed the recovery of sub ppm gold values and thus the development of gold heap leaching of lower grade ores.

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ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc - Albion Process

leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either through the presence of naturally occurring preg robbing carbonaceous materials or gold physically locked in sulphide minerals. The majority of gold ores are classified refractory because the gold mineralogy is contained in sulphides.

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Flexicone technology for sulfide ores | flexicone

The technology includes the processes of ultrafine grinding and oxidation of sulphides, extraction of released gold and platinum group metals by centrifugal concentrators and leaching of gold, silver and palladium.The possibility of using our iodine-iodide technology at negative ambient temperatures makes it unique for the regions of the Extreme North and areas with permafrost

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US4559209A - Leaching refractory gold ores - Google Patents

A method is disclosed for leaching a gold ore which is refractory due to the presence of sulphide minerals of arsenic and antimony. The ground ore is leached with cyanide in a pipe reactor at a pressure of between 5 and 8 MPa. The terminal pH value of the pulp is controlled to be 10 or less than 10.

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Leaching of Copper Sulphides - SAIMM

copper sulphide leaching options as alternatives to the more conventional pyrometallurgical processing route of copper sulphides. Three copper sulphide leaching and refining processes are discussed: total pressure oxidation, ferric sulphate leaching and copper chloride leaching. The effect of mineralogy

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Method of gold extraction from sulphide gold-bearing ores

Improving the recovery of precious metals from refractory materials using non-toxic reagents is achieved by the known method of processing sulphide gold-bearing materials, including bacterial opening the source material and the subsequent leaching with a solution of oxygen compounds of sulfur, according to the invention, the leaching is carried out with a solution containing ion hydrosulfite (HSO 3), and spend it without access of oxidants, for example, air (EN (11) 2031157 (13) C1, 1991.07.04).

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Heap Mining Efficiently Leaches Lower Grade Gold from S

What is an Economical Heap Leach Mine Today? As a rule of thumb, one gram per ton of ore can make a profitable heap leach mine. At a 75% gold recovery, it takes 41 tons of ore on the pad to recover one ounce of gold. However, all the material in the mine is not ore. Most mines will have 2-3 tons of waste material to 1 ton of ore.

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The Metallurgy of Cyanide Gold Leaching An Introduction ...

With lower gold grades beneficiation (usually flotation) is often used ahead of leaching to increase the grade of Au and reduce the quantity of ore to be leached. Nature of Gold: The surface of a gold particle will typically be dissolved at a rate of around 0.2-0.5 µm of surface depth per hour in a cyanide leach.

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Recovery of Gold in Pyritic Sulfide Ores - Mine Engineer.Com

Using cyanide to recover gold from sulfide ores generally results in 30 to 35% recovery, and the best I have heard of is around 50% recovery. The fine coating of a iron compound definitely appears to be a key component of the inability of cyanide to efficiently leach low grade pyritic ores.

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Leaching of a Gold Bearing Partially Roasted Sulphide ...

ores4. Some alternative leaching agents, namely thiourea, have been tried due to the environmental concerns, gener-ally without economic success5. An usual approach for processing complex refractory gold ores is a pre-oxidation treatment prior the gold leaching step and the most known options are roasting, pressure oxidation and bioxidation 6-8.

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How to Use Bleach on Gold Ore to Remove Gold | Sciencing

Gold is an almost non-reactive metal, but halogens chlorine, bromine, fluorine and iodine can dissolve it. Chlorine is the cheapest and lightest product that can achieve this. Bleach is the chemical compound sodium hypochlorite. When combined with hydrochloric acid, the mixture produces chlorine that dissolves gold from gold ore.

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Diagnostic Leaching for Refractory Gold Ores

A diagnostic leach test can be very useful to qualitatively assess how gold occurs within the ore and the extent to which it may be refractory. Several different permutations of diagnostic leach tests depend on specific objectives, but they generally involve the sequential leaching of a gold ore sample with progressively stronger reagents, producing a qualitative assessment of the gold ...

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Procedure for processing sulphide gold containing arsenic ...

The known method involves mixing metalloceramic sulfide ore with the chloride of the alkali earth metal, e.g. sodium or potassium, firing the mixture at a temperature of 300-650°C and the atmosphere of chlorine gas or gas mixture containing chlorine and oxygen, getting gold candle, gold leaching of the calcine, the production of gaseous sulfur ...

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Recovery of Gold in Pyritic Sulfide Ores - Mine Engineer.Com

Recovery of gold in sulfide ores has fallen into several categories. First is froth flotation, and second is cyanidation of the ores. Using cyanide to recover gold from sulfide ores generally results in 30 to 35% recovery, and the best I have heard of is around 50% recovery.

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sketches & tables - UNIGE

1.4 Leaching processes 3 1.5 Gold extraction processes 4 1.6 Cyanide leaching vs. thio-compound leaching 5 2. Microscopy of gold ores and treatment 2.1 Tasks and problems of microscopical investigations 5 2.2 Microscopy of selected gold ores and (practical exercises) 3.

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Recovery of Silver, Gold, and Lead From a Complex Sulfide Ore ...

RECOVERY OF SILVER, GOLD, AND LEAD FROM A COMPLEX SULFIDE ORE USING FERRIC CHLORIDE, THIOUREA, AND BRINE LEACH SOLUTIONS By R. G. Sandberg 1 and J. L. Huiatt 2 ABSTRACT The Bureau of Mines investigated a hydrometallurgical procedure to re­ cover gold, silver, and byproduct lead from a complex lead-zinc sulfide ore.

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