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how do you turn iron into steel

How steel is made - a summary of a Blast Furnace

To make steel, iron ore is first mined from the ground. It is then smelted in blast furnaces where the impurities are removed and carbon is added. In fact, a very simple definition of steel is "iron alloyed with carbon, usually less than 1%." The following text is taken from the Structural Manual For Ironworkers Manual V-Volume I.

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How to Make Super Strong Permanent Magnets | Sciencing

The list of metals that do this isn't long, but iron is one of them and, because steel is made from iron, it can also be magnetized. Ways to Make a Magnet Among the methods Henry mentions for turning an ordinary iron or steel rod into a magnet are:

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Iron Ore | HowStuffWorks

Instead, the iron heats up into a spongy mass containing iron and silicates from the ore. Heating and hammering this mass (called the bloom) forces impurities out and mixes the glassy silicates into the iron metal to create wrought iron. Wrought iron is hardy and easy to work, making it perfect for creating tools.

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How steel is made - a summary of a Blast Furnace

To make steel, iron ore is first mined from the ground. It is then smelted in blast furnaces where the impurities are removed and carbon is added. In fact, a very simple definition of steel is "iron alloyed with carbon, usually less than 1%." The following text is taken from the Structural Manual For Ironworkers Manual V-Volume I.

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How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ...

Pig iron has only uses, and most of this iron goes on to a steel mill where it is converted into various steel alloys by further reducing the carbon content and adding other elements such as manganese and nickel to give the steel specific properties.

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How Do You Turn Iron into Steel? - Metro Steel

There are several processes which can be used to turn iron into steel, but the two most common methods are by using electric arc furnaces and oxygen furnaces. Ingredients used in steel production Depending on the method used, different ingredients are needed, although that said, there are 4 ingredients which are widely used in steel production:

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Making steel without coal: Lets talk about coal

The plant uses a direct reduction process to make iron from the ironsand before this is turned into steel. No other operation in the world makes steel in the same way. Major improvements have been made in energy efficiency through co-generation (using waste heat) where New Zealand Steel produces up to 70% of its own electricity requirements.

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How does coke and coal play into steel making? - FedSteel.com

Coke is used as a fuel and a reducing agent in melting iron ore. It is produced by baking coal until it becomes carbon by burning off impurities without burning up the coal itself. When coke is consumed it generates intense heat but little smoke, making it ideal for smelting iron and steel. Prior to the 1880s, steel was produced using charcoal.

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Creating Steel | HowStuffWorks

The open-hearth furnace is one way to create steel from pig iron. The pig iron, limestone and iron ore go into an open-hearth furnace. It is heated to about 1,600 degrees F (871 degrees C). The limestone and ore form a slag that floats on the surface. Impurities, including carbon, are oxidized and float out of the iron into the slag.

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This is how iron ore is turned into steel | Business Insider

The combustion of iron ore with other materials in the blast furnace produces molten pig iron, which is then converted to steel.

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Iron Range 101: What is taconite? | Twin Cities Daily Planet

The iron content, magnetite, is only 20- 30% compared to 50 60 % iron content in red ore. Red ore is also referred to as direct shipped ore because it can be shipped without processing. Taconite needs to be crushed and processed into pellets before it can be shipped to steel mills.

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How to add carbon to steel. - Metallurgy - I Forge Iron

The "o" method was to take small bits of wrought iron (rivets, nails---small cross section stuff) and put them in the charcoal forge and heat them for an hour or more to soak in carbon. You then weld up the scraps into a solid piece of steel. How an old times smith would do a buggy axle?

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4 Ways to Make Iron Oxide - wikiHow

Whatever your choice of iron (II) salt, you will need to dissolve it in water. Do this as a separate beaker (or other container) from the iron (III) solution to ensure that the iron (III) has not saturated the water. This will allow the most iron (II) to dissolve into the water. Again, a lid will help keep out contaminants, but is not necessary.

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How to Strengthen Steel | Hunker

Many things throughout your home are likely made of steel. However, not all of them need to be overly strong. When steel is being used to support a structure or other heavy object, the stronger it is, the more you will be able to trust it. To strengthen steel, you need to use a specific type of heating process known as hardening and tampering.

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Making Iron The Old-Fashioned Way Is A Tricky Business ...

Making Iron The Old-Fashioned Way Is A Tricky Business Date: October 14, 2005 Source: University Of Arizona Summary: It's one thing to imagine how an ancient technology worked and quite another to ...

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How does coke and coal play into steel making? - FedSteel.com

Coke is used as a fuel and a reducing agent in melting iron ore. It is produced by baking coal until it becomes carbon by burning off impurities without burning up the coal itself. When coke is consumed it generates intense heat but little smoke, making it ideal for smelting iron and steel. Prior to the 1880s, steel was produced using charcoal.

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DIY Blacksmithing: Forge Your Own Steel at Home! « Mad ...

Metal is a great material to work with. It's rigid, tough, malleable and conductive, but sometimes the part we need doesn't exist in any store. In order to create custom pieces, you need to either melt the metal and cast it in a mold, or heat it until it's soft enough to shape with your hammer. Properly melting metals can be a bit dangerous in our home shop, but we can make a coffee can forge ...

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How does iron ore turn into steel? - Answers

To make Steel, Iron Ore is refinedinto iron and all the carbon is burned away using veryhigh heat (Bessemer). A percentage of Carbon (and other trace elements) are added back to make steel. 1 2 3

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How to Make Super Strong Permanent Magnets | Sciencing

The list of metals that do this isn't long, but iron is one of them and, because steel is made from iron, it can also be magnetized. Ways to Make a Magnet Among the methods Henry mentions for turning an ordinary iron or steel rod into a magnet are:

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How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ...

Pig iron has only uses, and most of this iron goes on to a steel mill where it is converted into various steel alloys by further reducing the carbon content and adding other elements such as manganese and nickel to give the steel specific properties.

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Iron Ore | HowStuffWorks

Carbon and carbon monoxide combine with the oxygen in the iron ore and carry it away, leaving iron metal. In a bloomery, the fire doesn't get hot enough to melt the iron completely. Instead, the iron heats up into a spongy mass containing iron and silicates from the ore.

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How is Wrought Iron Made? - History of Steel - Carolina Rustica

Iron was produced by direct reduction of the iron oxide into iron metal. Despite the fact that iron has a melting point of 1540 degrees C, iron oxide can be reduced to metal at 800 degrees C. At a temperature of 1100-1500 degrees C, the reduced iron flows together forming a semi-fused porous mass called a bloom.

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How to Convert Pig Iron Into Steel | eHow

How to Convert Pig Iron Into Steel Step 1. Fill a crucible with pig iron and carbon. Carbon can be made from charcoal or charred organic material such as... Step 2. Cap the crucible with broken glass. The glass acts as a seal when it melts and prevents air from reacting with... Step 3. Place the ...

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